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> [-Mapping-] Mapping in five easy steps, Indra's quick and practical method
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post Jan 31 2012, 10:31 PM
Post #1

Typo Queen
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Alignment: Chaotic Good

So, since lately I’ve been doing nothing but mapping (what with the writing muses being on vacation). I’ve mapped and mapped and mapped, and not for myself (to me it’s harder to laze about when it’s something for other people) and I’ve grown somewhat confident in my mapping skills. Some people asked me the typical “How do you do it?” or commented “You’re fast”.

The answer is being practical, using the editor, and practice. My mapping style is not pretty. I’m not a parallaxer. I use the editor and a 100% RTP tileset. I’ll summarize my usual methods below. I’ll be assuming you know the mechanics of the editor (shift clicking, the shadow tool, etc). While I use the ACE engine and the RTP for the examples, any engine that uses an editor and a tileset should be the same (heck, you can probably apply this to parallaxing too).

Step 1: Setting
Take a piece of paper. Or the editor. Whatever works. What are you going to be mapping? A city, a dungeon, fields? Each work differently, so it’s important you set on that first.
Now, what’s the point of the area? Is it a plot scenario? Is it only a glorified corridor to transfer to the next area? Is it a place where a secret npc/item/monster shows up? Does it NEED to have certain equipment/features?
If it’s a complex area (more than one map) you’ll want to think of a rough idea of how they are connected. You can later modify this as needed, but it helps to know how to organize the maps and what direction to map towards.

With that in mind, set down a barebones of how the rooms are distributed and what is in each room. Depending on the map, plan on other floors too.

For the sake of this tutorial, I’ll make an interior map, a temple. We’ll make it a wide building with two floors and the central area longer than the rest. (I will only fullt map one room, but this way you can see the room distribution and planning).

Step 2: Barebones and structure
With a rough idea of the distribution, it’s time to make an outline of the actual map. Take the ground tile and make the shape of the room, then add the walls and limits.
Does it look to big/small for the setting you want? Adjust as needed. You can plop down temporary tiles in the map to see how it fills out and if it needs more space or less. It’s also the time to do a rough division of the maps. If one map has different areas, you can use walls or a different floor tile to make the map more compact and interesting.
For now what tiles you use exactly is not a concern. Just focus on distribution and space.
Also set the connections to other maps (if you have them).

For the example, we’ll map the main room in the first floor of the temple. On the far top of the map we’ll put the altar with the statues, and at the sides we’ll put a couple of counters and shops (because it’s selling its talismans, or whatever).

Step 3: Style and primary items
Time to choose what to use. What tiles are you going to be using for the walls and floor? Do they match? Do they fit the setting?
You wouldn’t put a fancy rug in a very poor house, and you wouldn’t use a ragged stone wall on a posh palace. Same goes for furniture. Try to keep in mind what the map is FOR. It makes no sense to put cupboards full of bread and wine in a smithy, and a bar won’t be displaying jewellery.
If you find you’re lacking specific resources, you can get them now or use a placeholder and find them later (say you need a certain style of statue/column/furniture you don’t have on the tileset).
When you’ve placed your A tiles (walls and floors) place the focus points of each area. Counters and a few items in a shop, beds in a room, statues, etc. Whatever is important.

Also settle on your mapping style. What sort of wall height do you use? Two tiles, one tile, three? Do the lower limits of the wall display the outer wall? Do you use a cut-off floor tile? How do you map exits and transfers?

Here are some common styles (of course, these are not the only ones that exist)

Step 4: Details
With the basic map done, it’s time to go crazy and fill out the rest. With the core items in place, the rest is dressing the map up.
Unless the point of the map calls for it, what you want is for it to be neither empty not cluttered. More than the actual contents, it’s a matter of distracting the player’s eyes.
Keep in mind where the player is supposed to WALK, and let their path free of obstacles. Around that path, add decorations, not occupying every single tile or being too symmetrical; try to be random. Also keep in mind where the tiles are designed to be used. Some are clearly made to sit on flat surfaces like counters or the floor, others are mounted on the walls.

Step 5: Finishing touches and revision
How does the map look? Do you like the effect? Now that it’s done, do you dislike the walls, or the floors? Go and change them. Did you need some tiles you didn’t have available and used placeholders? Go and import the correct ones. Fix everything that needs fixing.

It’s also the time to apply the final shadows. Since any use of the shadow tool tends to snap back to the default if you touch it during mapping, you should wait for the last phase to add them. Remember to keep a fixed style. If you paint shadows over walls, do it always the same way.
Also remember to apply shadows to add depth (for example in bridges, overhanging areas and such.

When everything’s done, step back and revise the result. Did you miss some shift-click mapping? Are all the shadows correct? No cut-off mapping errors? If so, you’re done!

Things to remember:
-Keep a constant style. If you decide to shade over walls, do it all the time. If you use a cut-off floor style, keep it. If at any point you decide to change your style, revise everything and change it.

-Remember to leave clear routes for the player to navigate and always playtest your maps when they’re ready to see if there are any passability errors.

-Keep a consistent and reasonable setting. If a city is poor, it won’t have many niceties like paintings in the houses or fancy furniture. A town in the snow will usually have fireplaces and fires to fight the cold; hot tropical settings don’t have much use for them. Remember to decorate all maps according to their setting.

-With VX Ace you can make as many tilesets as you want. Sometimes it may be a matter of simply adding things to an existing tileset, which is only a matter of making a copy of the tileset (so you don’t have to manually input all the passabilities again) and adding an extra tile sheet with what you need. Remember Ace has split the tiles over five tilesets; what you need for a dungeon may simply be under Interiors.

Tips and tricks:
-Interior areas: it’s a good tactic to make interiors vary from simple squares by editing the base shape.


You can also create a nice visual effect by splitting the space with walls into lesser rooms. You will have to watch out, though, walls take a lot of vertical space depending on how high you do the walls, so this setup will quickly eat up space (this is actually a good thing if you have areas with nothing interesting to add).


-Exterior areas: Grass, dirt roads and elevation are your friends. Patches of grass and dirt roads (or differently colored grounds) divert the attention of the player nicely. Roads are especially useful to give a sense of direction to the player. Remember to randomize them a bit so they’re not completely straight lines.


-Dungeons: It’s especially important to remember what you’re supposed to do in each map. If there’s a puzzle in there, don’t clutter up the place and let the player roam comfortably. If it’s only a decorative hallway to another map, make sure there’s some direction as to where the player is supposed to go.


-Simple edits and recolors: Everyone can do this, and it helps a lot to create ambience. You may find that repeating, for example, the same weeds and flowers in fields over and over across the world gets old. It’s simple enough to recolor the flowers or make a simple cut/paste job to come up with new items. Small obejects like flowers and single tile decorations are usually simple to cut and combine.
There’s also recoloring. The same grassy tiles can become a different map just by changing the colors (making the coloring greyer, more vibrant, a different tone, whatever) same goes for walls and floors.
So if you ever feel like those trees, caves and stones are looking boring, crack open a graphics editor and mess with the tiles a bit.

To finish, here's an example of the five steps for examples in interior (the same we just did above) exterior and dungeon areas.

Interior: Temple

Exterior: Forest

Dungeon: Ice Castle


And that's all! I hope you find this helpful. If you have any questions or feel some areas lack explanation, tell me and I'll work on it.

This post has been edited by Indra: Feb 1 2012, 10:52 PM

Nowadays I'm in perpetual development hell. Shoot me a PM if you need something.

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post Feb 1 2012, 03:09 AM
Post #2

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Type: Designer
Alignment: Chaotic Neutral

That's quite a wealth of information Indra. biggrin.gif

Next to the Parallex mapping threads, this has been one of the best reads I have had.
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post Feb 2 2012, 12:54 PM
Post #3

Mistress of none.
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Type: Designer
Alignment: Neutral Good

This is a very informative tutorial you have here, Indra. I just happened to glance over it ( but I can tell that there are alot of handy mapping tips for beginners and intermediate mappers alike ) and I'm sure it will come in use later on.

Although some people may be turned off by the RTP, it can be utilized to create really beautiful maps. smile.gif It's just a matter of practice and maybe a little luck. Imagination helps too. ^^ As long as the maps make logical sense of course.

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post Feb 10 2012, 04:03 AM
Post #4

It's been forever
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Type: Designer
Alignment: True Neutral

This will help a lot of people! Great Job!

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post Feb 10 2012, 12:52 PM
Post #5

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Type: Designer
Alignment: Lawful Neutral

Love this tut. My weakest point is mapping, and even I'm blown away by some of my own work while using these tips. It's been a great help. Thanks!

P.S. - Rated like a boss.
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post Jul 16 2012, 12:34 AM
Post #6

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Type: Designer
Alignment: Unaligned

Thanks a lot biggrin.gif


Youtube Partnership is not an excuse for crappy videos.
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post Dec 14 2012, 04:01 PM
Post #7

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Type: Coder
Alignment: Chaotic Good

Wow! This helps a lot! I was having a lot of trouble with mapping and scenery before I saw this.. Thanks for helping a noob out! xD

--The great thing about multitasking is that several things can go wrong at once--
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